Digital Camouflage History

Who did it first; Canada or the US?

or

Camouflage

 

CADPAT is a Trademark of the Canadian Government

MARPAT is a Trademark of the U.S. Marine Corps

See what improvements have been achieved with Digital Camouflage in the 15 years since CADPAT US4CES Family of Camouflage

CADPAT: Canadian Disruptive Pattern

The new Canadian patterns; CADPAT™ (Canadian Disruptive Pattern) Temperate Woodland (TW) and Arid Regions (AR). CADPAT TW has been rated best tropical and Temperate Camouflage by NATO soldiers in a recent scientific study. The Canadian studies show there is a 40 percent less chance of being detected from 200 meters away with CADPAT Versus Olive Drab.

MARPAT: Marine Pattern Camouflage

The U.S. Marines considered adopting CADPAT for their new pattern, however the Canadian government owns the copyright for the pattern. The Canadian government supplied information and manufacturers to help the Marines with the computer-generated Digital Pattern pixilated uniform the Canadians had been developing since 1988.

The new U.S. Marine MARPAT (Marine Pattern camouflage) Forest, Desert and Urban. The Marines have not yet officially produced the Urban pattern in a full production run. uniforms with the urban grays are likely unauthorized replicas of the trial uniform.

MARPAT was developed with the help of the Canadian Department of National Defence and their extensive research used to develop CADPAT.

According to a source involved in the CADPAT evaluation process, testing with Digital patterns apparently started in Canada around 1995:

CADPAT was officially adopted as the standard Canadian Army pattern in 1997. The pattern had to be reproduced on fabric with exacting accuracy to ensure integrity of the “pixellation”. This pixellation is a key element of CADPAT’s overall effectiveness.

The initial 6-month trial was conducted in 1998, using 660 CADPAT uniforms. 2 uniforms per man were issued to the members of 3 x 110-man Light Infantry Companies based in Eastern, Central and Western Canada.

A final field trial (with the previous tailoring details addressed, but with “covered” (as opposed to “exposed”) buttons was conducted in 2001.

The first general-issue CADPAT item to be issued to the Canadian Army was the cover for the new Kevlar helmet. This item was received by the field force in 1998. Conversion to the CADPAT uniform itself commenced in late 2001.

Confirmation through the CADPAT Project Manager; MARPAT is indeed a direct derivative of CADPAT. The USMC apparently expressed considerable interest throughout the latter stages of CADPAT development. This interest peaked when scientific findings regarding the pattern’s efficacy indicated its superiority over every other temperate pattern currently fielded. The USMC was looking for a “distinctive” Corps uniform, and the CADPAT fit the bill perfectly. At the USMC’s request, the Canadian government “shared” CADPAT with the Corps under a bilateral military “Exchange Agreement”. This was done with full Canadian concurrence.

CADPAT TW Designed in 1996 Universal Camouflage Pattern
(U.S. Army)
3 color version of MARPAT
developed after 2000.
Universal Camouflage Pattern
(Negative Image and darkened),
Note the pattern is identical to CADPAT other than color placement

CADPAT was officially copyright registered in 2001, however, the first published date is 1996. Initial attempts to reproduce the square pixels on fabric could not be reproduced in Canada with the technology available to the Canadian textile industry.

Early CADPAT cloth sample, prior to technology upgrades

This early Canadian made prototype (left) shows the quality problems the industry encountered with the ink seeping past the color boundaries, lacking the professional look of current CADPAT cloth.

Canada was forced to import technology from a European textile manufacturer early in the process to reproduce the high quality cloth until Canada's textile technology was upgraded.

An early Canadian Trial CADPAT Desert Jacket, is shown on the left below is almost identical in pattern to the U.S. Marines Desert MARPAT (Middle below). The Canadians changed their desert pattern from the trial version to the current CADPAT AR (Arid Region) shown Right below. which has a larger blotch size and only three colors versus the four in the trial version.

See what improvements have been achieved with Digital Camouflage in the 15 years since CADPAT US4CES Family of Camouflage

The US Marines were not the second in designing a digital camouflage pattern but third:

Second Digital Design:

Unaware of CADPAT or the use of digital pixels in camouflage research,  I (Guy Cramer) began to design digital pixel camouflage as a way of dithering the colors so there were no solid lines between the colors. My first attempt in July 1998 is pictured below (unaltered from 1998), to reduce confusion lets call my sample below "PIXELPAT", while the initial sample here is crude by my standards, however, it proved the feasibility of the pixel/dither between colors: 

 

I enlarged a portion of this sample for this page (right) so you can see the square pixellation I used for the dither effect:

The above sample was placed on a three of my web sites from July 1998-September 1998 and viewed by approximately 30,000 different visitors. I removed the sample from the sites in September 1998

Digital Camouflage historical summary:

Additional information; It was not the Canadians or U.S. Marines but the U.S. Army that pioneered Digital Camouflage: see article July 13, 2004 Dual Texture - U.S. Army digital camouflage

Second Use: Government of Canada 1996 CADPAT

Third Use: Guy Cramer 1998 "SASBAN" {PIXELPAT} (objective evidence of 1999 copyright).

Fourth Use: United States Marine Corps; MARPAT year 2000+

*The Marines allowed Propper Int. to make a commercial version of MARPAT called Jungle Stalker. Propper was required to change the colors for this limited run.

Fifth Use: Finland - Army

Sixth Use: China - Marines

Seventh Use: Kingdom of Jordan

As of 2007, Guy Cramer has over 7000+ digital patterns under copyright with full or evaluation licenses issued on some of these patterns.

For more Camouflage news go to the HyperStealth® Home Page

References:

New York Times Article Giddy Yet Covert By JOHN LELAND  http://college3.nytimes.com/guests/articles/2002/01/20/895839.xml

Stars and Stripes Article "Marines' followed Canadians' example in use of digitally-designed 'cammies' " http://www.pstripes.com/01/feb01/ed022401e.html

CADPAT & MARPAT Development (Part 1) http://groups.yahoo.com/group/camouflageandcombatgear/message/197?source=1

Camo News http://www.worlduniformkeith.com/camo%20news.htm

Canadian Department of National Defence: Clothe the Soldier (CTS) http://www.army.dnd.ca/lf/equip/hab/1/13_e.asp

Sincerely, Guy Cramer, President
HyperStealth® Biotechnology Corp.

CONTACT INFORMATION

HyperStealth® Biotechnology Corp.

P.O. Box 21134 Maple Ridge Sq. Maple Ridge, B.C., V2X 1P7

Phone: (604) 961-7046

Email: info@hyperstealth.com 

"HyperStealth®" is a registered Trademark of HyperStealth® Biotechnology Corp. , "Passive Negative Ion Generator", "PIXELPAT" "Fracture Camouflage"are trademarks of HyperStealth® Biotechnology Corp., All Rights Reserved.

HyperStealth® is a registered Canadian Trademark.

CADPAT is a Trademark of the Canadian Government

MARPAT is a Trademark of the U.S. Marine Corps                                                                                          

This web site was  developed by HST Productions

This page and information © Copyright 2007,Guy Cramer, All Rights Reserved.

HyperStealth® is a Registered Canadian Trademark of HyperStealth®.

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